As part of the ambitious long-term development plan of the municipality of Debrecen (Hungary), the objective of the project was to design an organically fitting waterpark in the region’s iconic ’Nagyerdő’ city park, which at the same time can serve as an impressive landmark. BORD Architectural Studio’s design was deeply inspired by the natural surroundings (protected by the Natura2000 EU reserve program) while creating the new symbol of the region.
The architectural concept focuses on the life-giving aspect of water and the surrounding forest. Water and flora appear on both horizontal and vertical surfaces of the spa: the water in the pools, the lawn, the water curtains, the walls covered by plants. These surfaces create an artistic composition of ’folded up’ spaces, introducing the visitors into this immersive water world in a unique way, similarly to entering a grand oasis.
The sculpture-like central visual piece is a 196m x 26m floor-place size, 12m high cuboid.
It is open and permeable on all sides, incorporating a number of functions (e.g.: thermal, adventure or diving pools, as well as a sunbathing terrace with a breathtaking view on the forest). The triangular openings were inspired by the negative space one would create by using their hands to part open a waterfall.
Due to its high demand of capacity and vast heating requirement, the project is also one of BORD HVAC Engineering’s most outstanding undertakings. It was essential to use ecological energy resources when planning – a primary goal in all of BORD Architectural Studio’s projects. The heating system uses the heat released when the thermal water is cooled to suit human needs.
Up to 50% of the complex’s entire energy need can comprise of renewables, on a hot summer day, however, it would proportionally grow further, up to even an extraordinary 70%.Photo credit: Tamas Bujnovszky.
Aquaticum Waterpark Gallery